Addressing Learning Difficulties and Disabilities

Learning Difficulties and DisabilitiesIf your child has a learning problem or simply takes a lot of time to learn anything, give him attention and time without creating an issue or stress for the little one. Addressing that your child is facing a problem is the first step towards tackling the situation.

After all a problem understood is half solved right!

Many parents or even teachers remain unaware that the child has a learning disability and unnecessarily scold and humiliate him by using harsh words or comparing his performance with other students. This is not helpful at all. Such behavior will end up making the child uncommunicative and instill in him feelings of worthlessness.

To overcome this condition, spend time with the student. Try and discern a pattern in the kind of mistakes he makes. Check whether the child has problems in relating concepts, pronouncing words, understanding text or learning to spell corectly. Understand if the child is hyper active or lethargic, learn if the child’s behavior is influenced by his eating habits or atmosphere at home. Make a check list, evaluate his problem areas and take extra remedial classes if need be. Inform parents and work with them.

A Learning disability is not a disease. Do not panic. It is a small issue and can be eliminated forever with proper understanding, love, care, attention and time. The child has an equal say in the matter. Ask his opinion. Treat him as an adult and discuss where he faces problems and what might be according to him the best way to learn.

Learning Difficulties and DisabilitiesFor your benefit, here is a list of the most common learning disabilities found among children.

  • Auditory Processing Disorder

Problems in discerning the differences between sounds
Problems with reading, comprehension and language

  • Visual Processing Disorder

Difficulty in interpreting visual feeds or information sent to the brain
Problems with reading, understanding Math, maps, charts, diagrams, symbols, pictures etc.

  • Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)

Motor skills problems
Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, dexterity

  • Dyscalculia

Difficulty in Mathematics
The child faces difficulties doing math problems, understanding time, using money and other such concepts.

  • Dyslexia

Difficulty reading
Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking

  • Dysgraphia

Difficulty in writing
The student has issues when it comes to his/her handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas or creating an order in things.

  • Dysphasia/Aphasia

Difficulty with language
Problems in understanding spoken language

Common problems faced by children with Learning Disabilities.

  • Problems pronouncing words correctly
  • Poor spelling skills to the extent the child spells the same word differently in a single assignment
  • Difficulty in learning rhymes
  • Trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes, days of the week
  • Poor sense of direction
  • Difficulty controlling crayons, pencils, and scissors or coloring within the lines
  • Trouble holding things or executing manual tasks like tying shoelaces, buttoning the shirt, using scissors, zipping bags or pants etc
  • Trouble learning the connection between letters and sounds
  • Trouble in remembering words and frequent reading errors
  • Trouble learning basic math concepts Difficulty telling time and remembering sequences
  • Poor organizational skills (bedroom, homework, desk is messy and disorganized)
  • Poor handwriting
  • Difficulty in comprehending and learning new skills. This is why they face problems with open-ended test questions and word problems.
  • A strong dislike for reading and writing work
  • Least participation in class
  • Trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud publicly

Check these signs regularly. If at all a student is showing any of them, take appropriate measures.